The Japanese lost 120,000 troops in the defense of Okinawa, while the Americans suffered 12,500 dead and 35,000 wounded. 169 Views Program ID: 179330-1 Category: Public Affairs Event Format: Speech Location: Capitola, California, United States. The BBC reported: “Okinawa has finally fallen to the Americans after a long and bloody battle. It was a battle of the United States Army and Marine forces against the Japanese Army. Battle of Okinawa - Battle of Okinawa - Intensification and collapse of Japanese resistance: The elements of the 10th Army that had moved south toward the main population centres of Naha and Shuri encountered the fiercest kind of resistance. How many troops fought for the United States? Okinawa was the last island captured by Americans before moving on to the North and invading Japan. Purchase a Download He fought on the Western Front ...read more. By the evening of April 1, 60,000 U.S. troops had come safely ashore. The Allied Forces would eventually win, but at a very high cost because both sides incurred huge losses. On April 1, 1945, the 10th Army, under Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, launched the invasion of Okinawa, a strategic Pacific island located midway between Japan and Formosa. In the days before the attack the U.S. forces had already landed some units on Okinawa but it wasn’t in Hagushi Bay, it was some 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the southwest of Hagushi Bay. Battle of Okinawa Finally Ends. The Battle of Okinawa Twenty-three Americans were awarded the Medal of Honor for their courageous conduct during the 82 days of fighting in The Battle of Okinawa This “typhoon of steel” was the final island battle before an anticipated invasion of mainland Japan. The island will now provide the Americans with an invaluable air and naval base from which to launch a sustained and forceful attack on the mainland. After 82 days of fighting, the U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander said Japanese resistance had been defeated on the island of Okinawa. With the capture of Okinawa, the Allies prepared for the invasion of Japan, a military operation predicted to be far bloodier than the 1944 Allied invasion of Western Europe. This objective was also that of the nearby iconic island of Iwo-Jima.  The initial invasion of Okinawa on April 1, 1945, was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater of World War II. 200. The plan called for invading the southern island of Kyushu in November 1945, and the main Japanese island of Honshu in March 1946. Battle of Okinawa Date April 1 – June 22, 1945 Location Okinawa, Japan Victor Allied victory Contenders United States United Kingdom Canada Australia New Zealand Japan Military Leaders Simon B. Buckner Roy Geiger Joseph Stilwell Chester W. Nimitz Raymond A. Spruance Philip Vian Bruce Fraser Mitsuru Ushijima Isamu Chō Minoru Ota Keizō Komura Unit Strength The Japanese Surrender Who won the battle of Okinawa? The Confederates thwarted the attempt, and the two sides settled into trenches for a nine-month siege. Why was the battle of Okinawa significant? The Battle of Okinawa was what might be called the sequel to the Battle of Iwo Jima, a fight that took place from February 19 to March 2,1945 on a tiny volcanic island off the coast of Japan in which 30,000 lives were lost en route to an Allied victory. The Battle of Okinawa was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific theater of World War II.For 82 days in 1945, American and Japanese forces battled for control of the island, with the U.S. achieving victory at a substantial price. Question: Who won the Battle of Okinawa? Bill, an unprecedented act of legislation designed to compensate returning members of the armed services–known as G.I.s–for their efforts in World War II. But it's high definition and in color, and it looks as though it could have been shot yesterday. The battle was part of the three-point-plan Americans had for winning the war in the Far East. Okinawa. I had never thought of that idea. The Battle of Okinawa was fought for over 80 days during World War II. The Battle of Okinawa was a series of battles, including the battle for Hacksaw Ridge. No. Favorite Answer. The 96th Division suffered the heaviest loss, but all others — the 77th, 27th and 1st and 6th Marines — also suffered severe attrition. Ushijima. Of the 36 Allied ships lost, most were destroyed by the 2,000 or so Japanese pilots who gave up their lives in kamikaze missions. The atrocities at Okinawa, the epitome of Pacific warfare, made it "the bloodiest land battle of the Pacific war. 180,000. On June 22, 1864, Union forces attempt to capture a railroad that had been supplying Petersburg, Virginia, from the south, and extend their lines to the Appomattox River. Relevance. Battle of Okinawa in Joe Steele Edit. Every one knew that Okinawa would be bitterly defended. Ushijima. Okinawa was the largest amphibious invasion of the Pacific campaign and the last major campaign of the Pacific War. 200. During the next month, the battle raged on land and sea, with the Japanese troops and fliers making the Americans pay dearly for every strategic area of land and water won. GUAM, June 21 — Organized Japanese resistance on Okinawa was officially declared ended last night when Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific Fleet Commander, announced that “the battle of Okinawa has been won.” Elements of the 6th Marine Division had reached Ara Cape, southernmost tip of Okinawa, and only two small enemy groups remained to be annihilated. Battle of Okinawa in Joe Steele Edit. All Rights Reserved. Why was the battle of Okinawa significant? 13 Answers. The Battle of Okinawa, also well-known as Operation Iceberg, was one of the deadliest battles of the Pacific War. 1945: The Battle of Okinawa Ends After 82 days of fighting, the U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander said Japanese resistance had been defeated on the island of Okinawa… Okinawa was the last obstacle for an Allied invasion of Japan. 180,000. During World War II, the U.S. 10th Army overcomes the last major pockets of Japanese resistance on Okinawa Island, ending one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. The Battle of Okinawa was a great battle of World War II. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. How many troops fought for the United States? https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-was-the-battle-of-okinawa.html Desmond Thomas Doss (February 7, 1919 – March 23, 2006) was a United States Army corporal who served as a combat medic with an infantry company in World War II. I was stunned." 200. Who won the Battle of Okinawa and what were the casualties on both sides? The Americans were planning Operation Downfall, the invasion of the four great islands of Japan.This never happened, since the Japanese surrendered after the American use of the atomic bomb in August 1945 (first in Hiroshima, and a second time in Nagasaki) and the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan. 200. Who was the Lieutenant General for the Japanese troops? 300. There were more than 100,000 Japanese defenders on the island, but most were deeply entrenched in the islands densely forested interior. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! … The Battle of Okinawa saw the deaths of up to 100,000 Japanese soldiers and 14,000 Allied casualties, with 65,000 more wounded. Who won the Battle of Okinawa, army or marines? 300. Purchase a Download The Battle of Okinawa is considered to be the last major battle of World War II. Not since Pearl Harbor has the Navy taken such losses — thirty-one ships, sunk up to June 16 and fifty-four, including four large units, damaged. The Americans. … 1 Questions & Answers Place. After the Okinawa approaches had been cleared, the main landing was carried out at Hagushi Beach on April 1, 1945. Strictly speaking, the current U.S. military base did not exist at the time, so it was not "won" (i.e. It was the last battle of the war. Okinawa was to prove a bloody battle even by the standards of the war in the Far East but it was to be one of the major battles of World War Two. This made it so Americans could have a … Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The Americans were planning Operation Downfall , the invasion of the four great islands of Japan. Why was the battle of Okinawa significant? How many troops fought for the United States? 300. The Battle of Okinawa (Japanese: 沖縄戦, Hepburn: Okinawa-sen), codenamed Operation Iceberg,  was a major battle of the Pacific War fought on the island of Okinawa by United States Marine and Army forces against the Imperial Japanese Army. The Allied Forces would eventually win, but at a very high cost because both sides incurred huge losses. 200. Who was the Lieutenant General for the Japanese troops? It is spring, 1945. That's what happens when you have two branches units assaulting the same objective. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-okinawa-ends. But, the American revolutionaries ...read more, On June 22, 1898, Erich Maria Remarque, the author of the great World War I novel All Quiet on the Western Front, is born in Osnabruck, Germany. The Allies won the battle and occupied Okinawa. Bombing of Okinawa began in October 1944. The Battle of Okinawa began on 1 April, 1945 with the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific War. The Battle of Okinawa is considered to be one of the bloodiest battles of the Pacific War and World War II. They would get to shallow water, and start to move on their own. Last updated 10/9/14, 8/13/15 The photo above is from the video1 below. The Battle of Okinawa is considered to be the last major battle of World War II. Ripple Effect of the Battle of Okinawa. It was the second biggest amphibious battle of World War II, after the Battle of Normandy. 200. Who won the battle of Okinawa? The battle was between the military forces of the Empire of Japan and the Allies. It is regarded as one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. On April 1, 1945, the 10th Army, under Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, launched the invasion of Okinawa, a strategic Pacific island located midway between Japan and Formosa. The Battle of Okinawa was fought April 1 to June 22, 1945, during World War II and saw Allied forces met fierce resistance for nearly three months. The Battle of Okinawa was fought for over 80 days during World War II. Island Hopping: In the Pacific campaign of World War II, the Japanese military had captured many islands throughout southeastern Asia. 180,000. By the evening of April 1, 60,000 U.S. troops had come safely ashore. 10 american battle ships, 23 destroyers, 9 cruisers, and 117 rocket gun boats approached the shores the first day The US main goals for capturing Okinawa was to take the three bases so the americans could go to the japanese islands from okinawa, another reason was to cut off the japanese supplies, and it could also be used as a support base for the invasion of japan. Okinawa was the last major battle of the Pacific War with the intent of capturing an island nearby to the mainland Japan to use as a staging ground for a possible invasion and to eliminate any threat to friendly bombers to and from bombing missions on the mainland. In his place General Roy Geiger took command over the 10th army. 200. However, on April 4, Japanese land resistance stiffened, and at sea kamikaze pilots escalated their deadly suicide attacks on U.S. vessels. Battle of Okinawa . However, the civilians of Okinawa still bore the highest death toll of the battle with over 300,000 deaths. But it was June 1945, near the end of the 82-day-long Battle of Okinawa and about two… There were many leaders during the Battle of Okinawa. There were many leaders during the Battle of Okinawa. Both sides understood, the war would be won or … There were more than 100,000 Japanese defenders on the island, but most were deeply entrenched in the island’s densely forested interior. The Battle of Okinawa started in April 1945.The capture of Okinawa was part of a three-point plan the Americans had for winning the war in the Far East.Okinawa was to prove a bloody battle even by the standards of the war in the Far East but it was to be one of the major battles of World War Two. Yoshinaka Yamamoto, a 23-year-old soldier at time of the battle, told the Washington Post, "For the first time in my life, I saw ships coming out of ships. Possession of Okinawa would give the United States a base large enough for an invasion of the Japanese home islands. The table was set for the bloodiest battle of the Pacific war. Why was the battle of Okinawa significant? It is regarded as one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. 200. Who was the Lieutenant General for the Japanese troops? (2). Simultaneously, General Douglas MacArthur in a surprise move appointed General Joseph W. (Vinegar Joe) Stilwell, chief of United States Army ground forces, to command the victorious 10 th in the climactic battle of Japan. Properly developed as an air base, Okinawa in our hands will cut off Formosa from Japan and permit blockade of the North China Yellow Sea and Corean Straits. On June 21, 1945 the Battle of Okinawa was finally over. Who won the Battle of Okinawa and what were the casualties on both sides? Simon B. Buckner was the general who organized the 10th army, which were both army and marine units, but was shot and killed when trying to inspect a forward observation post. The Japanese Surrender Island Hopping: In the Pacific campaign of World War II, the Japanese military had captured many islands throughout southeastern Asia. Nineteen panzer divisions, 3,000 tanks, 2,500 aircraft, and 7,000 artillery pieces pour across a thousand-mile front as Hitler goes ...read more, The Red Scare of the 1940s and 1950s famously ended the careers of numerous film-industry professionals and forced others to avoid blacklisting by repudiating their political beliefs and “naming names” of suspected Communist sympathizers to the House Committee on Un-American ...read more. — The New York Herald Tribune, European Edition, June 22, 1945. 9 years ago.